Vulcanologists study volcanoes and predict eruptions and their effects. Short-term forecasting and accurate prediction of large volcanic eruptions have improved immensely in recent years.

Vulcanologists monitor active volcanoes by using various tracking methods, for example gas monitoring, deformation studies and seismic monitoring. Seismometers determine the strength and location of an earthquake by measuring ground vibrations. Seismographs receive signals and plot data in the form of a line called a seismogram.

Many vulcanologists find work as university professors teaching petrology or a geological subject such as vulcanology as their main field of interest. Some find work evaluating the safety of the long-term storage of nuclear waste.

Volcanoes can be extremely dangerous when an eruption occurs, but with the help of vulcanologists and technology, many lives can be saved.

How to Enter

Schooling & School Subjects

  • National Senior Certificate meeting degree requirements for a degree course
  • National Senior Certificate meeting diploma requirements for a diploma course
Each institution has its own entry requirements.

What to Study

Degree: relevant degree such as in Geoscience, - NMMU, Wits, Soil Science - UFS, US, UP, UL, Geology - RU, US, UJ, UP, UFH, UFS, NWU, UV, Earth or Environmental Science - UWC, UCT, UJ, NMMU, UKZN, US, UNISA, RU, UV, Wits, Monash

Diploma: N.Dip: Geology - TUT


  • government departments
  • geological surveyors
  • universities
  • research institutes

Further Information

Geological Society of South Africa
P O Box 61809
Linden, 2107
Tel: (011) 492-3370 Fax: (011) 492-3371

Getting Started

  • familiarise yourself with the terminology that vulcanologists use and visit websites on volcanoes
  • speak to vulcanologists about this career and ask permission to observe them at work

Programmes by Study Institutions

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