Soil science deals with the origins, characteristics and the use of soils for purposes of sustained biological production, the retention of environmental quality, as well as promoting health in plants, animals and people.
Information about the composition of soil is required for a variety of reasons. It may be needed to assist with planning and surveying for land development purposes; to assess the effect of agrochemicals used in farming; to aid land restoration and reclamation projects; to gauge drainage and irrigation requirements; or to investigate environmental, climatic and pollution issues.
For this reason, soil scientists are trained to identify and evaluate soil types for agricultural and non-agricultural uses, to determine the deficiencies of various kinds of soil and how these may be rectified. The process includes aspects such as soil-cultivation methods and practices, soil fertility and fertilising, irrigation and drainage.
Soil scientists can specialise in various fields :
Africa University, Alliance International University, Anglican University College of Technology, Ardhi University, Bindura University of Science Education, Botswana College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Bugema University, Catholic University of Eastern African, Chuka University, College of Intergrated Healthcare, Egerton University, Gaborone University College of Law and Professional Studies, Ghana Christian University College, Great Zimbabwe University, Human Technical and Business College Lira, Integrated Polytechnic Regional Centre (South), Karatina University, Kenya Methodist University, Kenyatta University, Kumasi Polytechnic, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science & Technology, Kyambogo University, Machakos University College, Marian University College, Methodist University College Ghana, Moi University, Mulungushi University, Namibia University of Science and Technology, National University of Lesotho, Nelson Mandela University, Nkumba University, Nsaka University, Open University of Tanzania, Pwani University College, Rusangu University, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Solusi University, Tumaini University Makumira, University for Development Studies, University of Cape Coast, University of Eldoret, University of Energy and Natural Resources, University of Ghana, University of Limpopo, University of Mauritius, University of Nairobi, University of Namibia, University of Pretoria, University of Rwanda, University of Stellenbosch, University of Swaziland, University of Technology and Arts of Byumba, University of the Free State, University of Zambia, Walter Sisulu University, Zimbabwe Open University