Road construction work is usually performed by unskilled labourers. Workers can specialize in certain types of work or operate various pieces of equipment. Diligent and responsible workers are usually promoted to supervisory positions, where training and supervision of other workers is undertaken.
Several types of work can be distinguished:
General workers: perform general excavations with picks and shovels and clean the side of roads with shovels and brooms.
Machine operators: perform excavations in roads using mechanical or air pressure jackhammers to loosen road material. Machine operators operate vibratory tampers to compact material in layers.
Lorry drivers: transport workers and equipment to sites and carry out all other transport functions.
Tar patchers: receive written orders from foremen. They supervise a team to repair holes and trenches in the road and determine the amount of tar and other materials required.
Road makers: receive orders and drawings indicating the road-building programme. Road makers organise the moving of road camps, supervise the work of road construction plant operators and other workers, and control the maintenance of machinery.
The noise level in this type of work is high and conditions are dusty, but employers provide appropriate safety clothing.
Schooling & School Subjects
No specific requirements.
All employers offer in-service training.
Additional information can be obtained from provincial authorities, municipalities and private organisations. Information can also be obtained from:
The Provincial Secretary
Provincial Administration of Gauteng
Private Bag X197
Tel: (012) 303-2000