Paper and pulp manufacturing is a growing and dynamic industry in South Africa and requires a wide variety of personnel - from unskilled and semi-skilled workers to tradesmen, technicians and engineers - to control all the processes and develop new ones.
Production: The paper industry is highly mechanized. Various specialized machines are used in the production process to manufacture paper, pulp and other finished paper products. An adaptor controls each machine. Examples of the different operators necessary to control these machines are the barker operator, digester operator, stock preparation operator, paper machine operator and envelope machine operator.
Maintenance: The paper industry employs many skilled maintenance workers to care for the complex machinery and electrical equipment. Millwrights install and repair machinery. Instrument repairers service the instruments, which measure and control the flow of pulp, paper, water, steam and chemical additives. Other important maintenance employees include electricians, maintenance machinists and pipe fitters.
Professional and technical occupations: The complexity of pulp and paper manufacturing requires workers who have engineering, chemical or other technical training. Chemists are responsible for quality control and they study the influence of various chemicals on pulp and paper. Chemical and mechanical engineers develop new production methods. Electrical engineers supervise the operation of power-generating equipment and instruments. Packaging designers design containers and packages and supervise their production. Box manufactures sometimes employ artist to design lettering, more computerized, system analysts and computer programmers become more important. Laboratory technicians, pulp testers and chemical analysts are necessary to assist engineers and chemists in their research.
The pulp and paper industry also employs many administrative and clerical personnel.
Companies in the paper and pulp industry, such as Sappi Southern Africa and Nampak Paper