Project manager is a career which has its roots in the construction industry and is associated with the coordination of large engineering and construction projects. However over the years the value of the skills used in construction and engineering has been applied and developed for most other industries.
Today the career of project manager can be described as the activities or tasks concerned with successfully achieving a set of goals. This includes planning, management, scheduling, coordination, financial control and maintaining progress of the activities that comprise the project. Reduced to its simplest, project management is the discipline of maintaining the risk of failure at as low a value as necessary over the lifetime of the project. Risk of failure arises primarily from the presence of uncertainty at all stages of a project.
An alternate point of view is that project management is the discipline of defining and achieving targets while optimizing the use of resources (time, money, people, space, etc). Project management is quite often the responsibility of an individual project manager. This individual seldom participates directly in the activities that produce the end result, but rather strives to maintain the progress of various parties in such a way that overall risk of failure is reduced.
Project managers are found in all industries and are most often found in consulting or other team-oriented environments. The role certainly requires expertise in the specific project area. It also requires the ability to lead and manage cross-functional teams. Typical projects might include the engineering and construction of a building, or the design, coding, testing and documentation of a computer software program, or development of the science and clinical testing of a new drug. The duration of a project is the time from its start to its completion, which can take days, weeks, months or even years. There are various stages in a project life-cycle, but all projects follow a similar methodology and course of problem solving such as, defining the problem, weighing options, choosing a path, implementation and evaluation. Project management tries to gain control over four variables, time, cost, quality and scope.
Key qualities are organisational skills, analytical skills, well-developed interpersonal skills, numeracy skills, commercial awareness, communication skills, team-working skills, diplomacy, the ability to motivate people and management and leadership skills.
Ardhi University, BA ISAGO University College, Boston City Campus and Business College, Coastal KZN TVET College, College of Cape Town , Durban University of Technology , Eastcape Midlands TVET College, Ekurhuleni West TVET College, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (Tanzania), Lovedale Public TVET College, Mauritius Institute of Training and Development, Mzumbe University, Namibia University of Science and Technology, National University of Lesotho, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, Open University of Tanzania, Sokoine University of Agriculture, St. Augustine University of Tanzania, Swaziland College of Technology, Tshwane North TVET College, University of Botswana, University of Cape Town, University of Dar Es Salaam, University of Johannesburg, University of Limpopo, University of Mauritius, University of Namibia, University of Pretoria, University of Swaziland, University of the Free State, University of the Witwatersrand, Vuselela TVET College