Milliners make hats for all kinds of people and for all types of occasions. They also remake hats and make adjustment to hats. If a theatrical producer was contemplating a production of, for example, Alice in Wonderland, a milliner may be asked to design headgear for most of the players and this would involve a certain amount of study, for only Alice and some of the lesser rabbits are bareheaded in the story.
Milliners design and make berets, bonnets, bridal headpieces, caps and hats using materials such as fabrics, felt, fur, leather, straw and artificial flowers.
Milliners interpret fashion trends and apply them to designs. When making hats, they mark out and cut patterns to the desired shape and size, lay the pattern onto fabric and cut around them using scissors for fabric hats. They shape, cut, twist, roll or fold and reinforce hoods with wire to gain the desired effect. They may assemble hats by hand or sewing machine and steam and press the material into shape by hand and, if necessary, stiffen it by using a special solution. Hat brims may be reinforced with wire to maintain shape; headbands are sewn on and lining fixed into crowns. Trimmings such as ribbons, buckles, braids, feathers or chains may be added.
Other milliner tasks may include altering, renovating and re-blocking existing hats; packaging hats for dispatch to customers; and displaying, fitting and selling hats and accessories.
In the mass production of hats, milliners may operate semi-automatic blocking machines. Milliners employed by mass-production firms usually perform single tasks, such as trimming hats with ribbon or sewing in headbands. Milliners making semi-model hats hand-trim shapes that have been moulded by machine. Highly skilled milliners create designs in fabric or on paper that can be followed by other milliners.
People from the beginning of time have worn hats of one kind or another - some for protection from the elements and some to enhance their beauty. Although hats are no longer a fashion necessity, they are still worn on special occasions and by people in the athletic and recreational fields.
Job opportunities depend on: the demand for hats; the cost, quality and durability of hats; fashion trends; and increasing awareness of the value of hats in preventing sun damage
City Varsity, Design Academy of Fashion, Elizabeth Galloway Academy of Fashion Design, FEDISA, Gaborone Academy of Education, Inscape Education Group, Limkokwing University of Creative Technology, LISOF, Spero Villioti Elite Design Academy, Tshwane North TVET College