Microbiologists study the basic anatomy, genetics and physiology of micro-organisms, such as bacteria, fungi and viruses, as well as the vital interaction between micro-organisms and the environment.
They apply this knowledge to manipulate micro-organisms both ecologically and industrially, to improve the quality of life and to diagnose and control micro-organisms which contaminate human beings, animals and plants.
Micro-organisms are found everywhere, from places such as Antarctica, to the volcanic pipes on the bottom of the ocean with temperatures of 268 degrees centigrade, the salt pans in Namibia, the bloodstream of animals, and swamps where the only source of food is carbon dioxide. Even though they are very small and usually invisible to the naked eye, micro-organisms play vital roles in biological activities in our environment as they interact with human beings and animals, either detrimentally or beneficially.
In the medical world, microbiologists are involved in the quick and accurate location and identification of pathogenic micro-organisms. They develop effective vaccines and methods of preventing epidemics of dangerous diseases.
Microbiologists are involved in various activities such as:
Botswana College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Botswana International University of Science and Technology, Kyambogo University, Malawi University of Science and Technology, Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, Mukuba University, Multimedia University of Kenya, Namibia University of Science and Technology, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, North-West University, Rusangu University, Sokoine University of Agriculture, The Copperbelt University, University of Cape Coast, University of Cape Town, University of Dar Es Salaam, University of Johannesburg, University of Malawi (Chancellor College), University of Namibia, University of Pretoria, University of Stellenbosch, University of the Free State, University of Zambia, Vaal University of Technology