Medical scientists are often involved in the research of blood-related and other diseases. They are responsible for conducting medical laboratory tests to diagnose and treat disease.
Biomedical scientists are responsible for investigating and diagnosing patient illnesses such as HIV, cancer, diabetes, food poisoning, hepatitis and meningitis. Most work is laboratory-based. Medical scientists, sometimes known as biomedical scientists, are trained in biology, particularly in the context of medicine to gain knowledge on the main principles of how the human body works and to find new ways to diagnose, treat and prevent diseases. Their work involves analysing specimens of blood, tissues, urine and faeces for chemical constituents using sophisticated computer-aided and automated testing procedures. In some cases they may be required to investigate further by analysing cultures grown from samples. They often consult with other medical specialists to assist in interpreting results.
As researchers, their work may overlap with academic work, as in studying and keeping up to date with the latest findings. Medical scientists are at the forefront of medical research, they write and publish articles in scientific journals. The type of equipment they use may include, atomic absorption spectrometers, electron microscopes, flow cytometers and chromatography systems.
Degree: Bachelor of Medical Sciences or equivalent that will allow further studies in medical research.
Postgraduate: A relevant Masters degree will be required.
More information regarding recognized or accredited qualifications and laboratories for internships may be obtained from the Health Professions Council of South
Africa (HPCSA) website.
Health Professions Council of South Africa (HPCSA)
(553) of Hamilton and
Tel: (012) 338-9300