Lecturers provide tuition and guidance to students at the tertiary level of education, in a specialized field. Literally hundreds of subjects, each with its own requirements, are taught at college, university of technology or university. These requirements differ from one tertiary educational institution to another.

Lecturers are responsible for the preparation and presentation of their lectures. They have to prepare examination papers, invigilate at examinations and mark examination papers. Depending on their field of study, lecturers may be required to guide senior students in their independent study research.

Other tasks include interviewing course applicants, having contact / teaching time with the students, checking and assessing students' work and encouraging personal development via pastoral or tutorial work.  They have to attend staff meetings, deal with general administration, manage research budgets and write research proposals, papers and other publications.

To be well informed, lecturers need to continuously try to uphold a culture of studying and reading publications, papers and articles relating to their field of study. Conducting research is a very important aspect of most lecturers’ work and it is usually expected of them that they publish their own results, which is important for promotion, in addition to acting as research counsellors to their students.

Depending on their field and the institution where they are employed, they may work with a large group of students, or give individual training to a single student.

As lectures are usually given in lecture halls, they mostly work indoors. However, again depending on their field, they may have to give some training outdoors. The nature of lecturers’ or their students’ research will determine where it has to be conducted. The circumstances under which research is undertaken vary enormously, depending on the field of study and specialisation.

Being a lecturer often enables a person to undertake study tours or attend symposia and conferences. Excellent opportunities for contact with other experts in their field of specialisation are thus available.

Key skills are to be highly motivated, have excellent presentation skills, excellent research skills, written and communication skills and expertise in a particular area or areas.

Adult education lecturers teach academic and vocational subjects to adults of all ages and academic abilities. The job commonly requires working evenings and weekends. Many people enter the profession through part-time and temporary contracts, supplementing their salary by writing, private tuition and exam marking or by taking up several part-time posts.  They need creative skills to plan and deliver interesting lessons and lectures at the right level for students.

Further education lecturers teach academic and vocational subjects to young people and adults at TVET colleges.  


Career opportunities and prospects are usually bright, depending on the field of study and specialisation. The level at which a person is appointed varies from lecturer to full professor, depending on qualifications and experience.

Qualified lecturers, with the necessary experience in their field, can give private classes from their homes.

Getting Started

  • try to obtain vacation work with a researcher in your field of interest

  • make an appointment to speak to a lecturer in your field of interest about this type of career


Adventist University of Central Africa, Africa Research University, Africa University, Afrikaanse Protestantse Akademie, Alliance International University, Archbishop James University College, BA ISAGO University College, Baptist Theological College of Southern Africa, Bindura University of Science Education, Bishop Stuart Universities, Botho University, Botswana College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Botswana College of Distance and Open Learning, Bugema University, Busoga University, Cape Town Baptist Seminary, Catholic Institute of Kabgayi, Catholic University College of Ghana, Catholic University of Eastern African, Catholic University of Health and Allied Sciences, Cavendish University, Centre for Creative Education, Chilambana University, Chinhoyi University of Technology, Christ Baptist Church Seminary, Chuka University, College of Cape Town , College of Intergrated Healthcare, Cornerstone Institute, Daystar University, Dedan Kimathi University of Technology, Egerton University, Embu University College, Embury Institute for Teacher Education, Evangelical Presbyterian University College, Gaborone University College of Law and Professional Studies, Ghana Christian University College, Ghana Institute of Management and Public Administration, Great Zimbabwe University, Headstart Mercy Montessori Training Centre, Institute of Development Management, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (Tanzania), Kabarak University, Kaimosi Friends University College, Karatina University, KCA University, Kenya Highlands Evangelical University, Kenya Methodist University, Kenyatta University, Kibabii University, Kigali Independent University, Kisii University, Kumasi Polytechnic, Kwame Nkrumah University, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science & Technology, Kyambogo University, Laikipia University, Lesotho College of Education, Maasai Mara University, Machakos University College, Makerere University, Marian University College, Maseno University, Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, Mauritius Institute of Education, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Meru University of Science and Technology, Methodist University College Ghana, Middlesex University Mauritius, Moi University, Monash South Africa, Mount Kenya University, Mukuba University, Mulungushi University, Murang'a University of Technology, Mzumbe University, Namibia College of Open Learning (NAMCOL), Namibia University of Science and Technology, National University of Lesotho, National University of Science & Technology, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, North-West University, Open University of Tanzania, Pearson Institute of Higher Education, Private Hotel School, Protestant Institute of Arts and Social Sciences, Pwani University College, Rongo University College, Rosebank College, Rusangu University, Scott Christian University, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Solusi University, South Eastern Kenya University, St Paul's University, St. Augustine College of South Africa, St. Augustine University of Tanzania, Stefano Moshi Memorial University College, Swaziland College of Technology, Tangaza University College, Technical University of Kenya, Technical University of Mombasa, Texila American University, The Copperbelt University, Tumaini University Makumira, Uganda Martyrs University, University for Development Studies, University of Botswana, University of Cape Coast, University of Cape Town, University of Dar Es Salaam, University of Eastern Africa Baraton, University of Education Winneba, University of Eldoret, University of Ghana, University of Gitwe, University of Iringa, University of Johannesburg, University of Kabianga, University of Kisubi, University of KwaZulu-Natal, University of Limpopo, University of Malawi (Chancellor College), University of Malawi (The Polytechnic), University of Mauritius, University of Nairobi, University of Namibia, University of Pretoria, University of Rwanda, University of South Africa, University of Stellenbosch, University of Swaziland, University of Technology and Arts of Byumba, University of Technology Mauritius, University of the Free State, University of the Western Cape, University of Zambia, Varsity College, Walter Sisulu University, Zambian Open University, Zimbabwe Open University