Grassland science includes all aspects of the conservation, improvement and utilization of natural and established pastures. Grassland scientists answer questions such as how often, how severely and at what time of the year should pasture plants be stripped of their leaves, how many animals can be kept on a certain pastureland and whether it is necessary to put up fences and make camps.
Pasturelands are becoming more and more important due to the increasing demand for food and raw materials, not only because of a weak economy but also because plant topping forms the basis of soil conservation. Besides natural grasslands, cultivated grasslands play an important role in stabilising and enhancing animal production.
Grassland scientists have a thorough knowledge of the ecological and physiological principles of pasture utilisation and the practical application of management principles, aimed at the maintenance, effective utilisation and recovery of natural and cultivated pastures.
The physical and biological planning of a farm must be done in accordance with the principles of grassland science. Pasture programmes for the different livestock must be planned and implemented.
South Africa has more than 70 main veldt types, all of which have their own characteristics as dictated by climate and type of soil, and each has its own specific management requirements. Grassland scientists continually search for additional forage species, which are suitable for local conditions as cultivated pastures. They also try to improve indigenous material and cultivate new varieties.
Botswana College of Agriculture, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (Tanzania), Namibia University of Science and Technology, National University of Lesotho, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, Sokoine University of Agriculture, University of Limpopo, University of Mauritius, University of Namibia, University of Stellenbosch, University of Swaziland, University of the Free State