Counsellors assist people to better understand themselves by explaining options, setting goals and helping them to take the appropriate action. They work with clients to find solutions to emotional and mental problems and act as facilitators in group sessions.

Counsellors work in confidential settings with individuals who are experiencing personal difficulties, to help them overcome their problems and to make appropriate changes to their life.  Counsellors sometimes work with other professionals such as medical practitioners, psychologists and social workers as part of a health management team. On occasion they act as mediators in conflict resolution.

Counsellors may specialise in a number of fields such as working with people from non-English-speaking backgrounds, and single parents, or in service areas such as health, accommodation, relationships or employment, grief and loss, stress management, child development and abuse issues.

Counsellors listen to, empathise with, encourage and help to empower individuals. The nature of problems encountered varies according to the setting, but counsellors do not deal with seriously disturbed clients and they do not give advice. Referral and liaison with other agencies is a feature of the work.  Vacancies arise within dedicated counselling services, general practices, hospitals, secondary schools, colleges, universities, or larger companies. Promotion is normally into managerial roles, but opportunities are limited as most counselling departments are very small.

Some counsellors are successfully self-employed, although this is only possible if you have a good network of contacts for referrals.


  • government departments, e.g. youth

  • bereavement centres, e.g. Island Hospice

  • stress management centres

  • community centres, with counselling for rape, victims of crime, etc.

  • such organisations as Life Line, Samaritans, Child Line, etc.

Getting Started

  • volunteer as an aide or helper at your nearest community or church centre, which offers counselling in any form

  • make an appointment to speak to different types of counsellors about this type of career


Adonai College, African Christian University, African International University, Alliance International University, Baptist Theological College of Southern Africa, Bindura University of Science Education, Bishop Stuart Universities, Boston City Campus & Business College, Bugema University, Cape Town Baptist Seminary, Catholic University of Eastern African, Cavendish University, Christian Service University College, Cornerstone Institute, Daystar University, Durban University of Technology , Egerton University, Evangelical University, Ghana Christian University College, Great Zimbabwe University, Helderberg College NPC, Justo Mwale, Karatina University, Kayiwa International University, KCA University, Kenya Highlands Evangelical University, Kenyatta University, Kibabii University, Kwame Nkrumah University, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science & Technology, Kyambogo University, Lira University, Middlesex University Mauritius, Moi University, Monash South Africa, Mount Kenya University, Mulungushi University, Namibia College of Open Learning (NAMCOL), Namibia Evangelical Theological Seminary (NETS), Nazarene Theological College, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, North-West University, Open University of Tanzania, Pan Africa Christian University, Pearson Institute of Higher Education, Philippi Trust Namibia, Protestant Institute of Arts and Social Sciences, Pwani University College, Regent University College of Science & Technology, Rusangu University, Scott Christian University, South African College of Applied Psychology, St Paul's University, St. Augustine University of Tanzania, Tangaza University College, Technical University of Mombasa, Trinity University, Tumaini University Makumira, Uganda Catholic Management and Training Institute, United States International University, University of Botswana, University of Cape Coast, University of Eastern Africa Baraton, University of Fort Hare, University of Ghana, University of Iringa, University of Johannesburg, University of Kabianga, University of Kisubi, University of KwaZulu-Natal, University of Mauritius, University of Nairobi, University of Namibia, University of Pretoria, University of Sacred Heart, University of South Africa, University of Stellenbosch, University of the Free State, University of the Western Cape, Valley View University, Victoria University, Walter Sisulu University, Zambia Catholic University, Zimbabwe Open University

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