Automotive Body Repairer or Panel beater

Automotive body repairers, or panel beaters as they are commonly known, are responsible for the repair and realignment of the damaged and dented panels of the bodywork of motor vehicles. 

Panel beaters straighten bent frames, remove dents and replace damaged body parts. They use special machines to align damaged frames, body sections, and unit bodies.

The bent framework or bodywork of a damaged vehicle must firstly, with the help of special equipment, be bent back to its original position so that the doors and bonnet fit properly. The implements that are used include files and grinding equipment, dollies, gouges, keys, chisels and clamps, electrical equipment such as drills, riveting machines and cutters, as well as blowtorches and welding and brazing machines.  To even out the dents and bumps, panel beaters use various hammers to beat the metal from outside or inside until it is even.

In some cases badly damaged sections of body panels are removed and new ones welded in their place. Small dents are repaired by smoothing them out or by filling them with plastic or solder. Dents are then filled, sanded, and painted.

Panel beaters are also responsible for the final assembly and inspection for true fit, as well as for the testing for proper connection and working components in electrical fittings, door handles, locks and lights. The work is becoming more and more specialised, for example, in frame straightening, door and fender repairing or the installation of glass.

Panel-beating is hard work. It is not expected that the repair worker handle heavy objects, but the work can be physically tiring and the continuous pounding and grinding can be very wearying. The noise may be unpleasant and the work environment dirty.


  • auto body repair and paint shops

  • automobile and truck dealers

  • trucking companies

  • bus and transport companies

  • motor vehicle manufacturers

  • companies that maintain own motor vehicles

  • government departments like the Department of Transport

  • self-employment, with sufficient capital to start own business

Getting Started

  • try to obtain vacation work in an automotive body repairing garage

  • make an appointment to speak to a panel beater about this type of career


Boland TVET College, Coastal KZN TVET College, College of Cape Town , Eastcape Midlands TVET College, Ekurhuleni West TVET College, False Bay College, Lovedale Public TVET College, Mauritius Institute of Training and Development, Motheo TVET College, Muhabura Integrated Polytechnic College, New Era College, Tshwane North TVET College, Vuselela TVET College