Artist, Finishing Artist and Art Teacher

Art is the product of creative thought and the human interpretation of ideas and emotions. Artists express thoughts, feelings and ideas by creating paintings or drawings. They put ideas or images into concrete presentations, giving special attention to material, colour, line, form and texture. 


Art teachers help students to develop the knowledge, skills and understanding necessary to work in various fields of art, including drawing, sketching, painting in various mediums, papier maché, pottery and working with clay, craft work, model building, etc. 


Finished artists and print finishing artists take design roughs or visuals prepared by graphic designers and art directors through to formal artwork, ready for reproduction onto different materials. 




It is a reflection of and an integral part of human history, progress, and culture. Artists today, as in the past, reflect, record and comment on the world, the beliefs, moments of magnificence and failure, fears and ambitions of society. The artist skillfully gives physical expression to a vision so that the observer can feel and understand the world in the same way.  They create a variety of works using various media including paint, pencil, wood, clay, metal or other materials. They decide on a subject or idea for a work, and then select and prepare the supplies e.g. by stretching the canvas or mixing paints. Some artists create works for their own satisfaction while others undertake commissioned works or portraits.

Quick sketch artists usually draw people, animals, still life pictures or landscapes. Some work from photographs. The works of talented artists are exhibited in art galleries and sometimes sold abroad. Some sell their work to the public by exhibiting in such places as competitions, shows and flea markets. To develop one’s talent usually takes a lot of money for materials and many hours of practice. Once artists become better known, they may be given commissions to produce works for individuals or organisations.

Generally, it is extremely difficult to make a living from art alone, thus most artists cannot support themselves solely on the sale of their work and have to hold down other jobs. Some artists also teach art.


Art teachers work in schools, universities of technology, universities and colleges, and plan lessons according to curricula. They prepare and assign class projects and evaluate the progress of students. They may organise trips to art museums or exhibitions and may also arrange exhibitions. They may also give lessons at home or in a studio

Art teachers at schools are required to attend staff meetings and other school functions and may be required to teach another school subject in addition to art.

Since art teachers work in different school systems, they may have a variety of work settings. Those who teach in poorer school systems may not have the equipment and facilities found in wealthier systems. Art teachers often work outside the classroom so their students can study nature or other environments.


Finished artists and print finishing artists generally translate ideas from layout roughs into an acceptable commercial image suitable for graphic reproduction. They draw objects, diagrams or charts, and paste-up copy and illustrations. Some of them operate cameras and photographic equipment to produce prints for graphic art reproduction. Others use computer-generated graphic techniques, such as drawing and typography, to produce artwork.


Employment


  • universities, universities of technology, schools (teaching art)

  • performing arts councils (manager of requisites or set designer)

  • art galleries and museums (educational officer or curator)

  • newspapers and magazines (art critic / journalist)

  • radio and television (art programmes, set designs and graphics)

  • commercial art firms (as graphic designer or liaison officer)

  • self-employed and freelance work


Art Teacher




  • public and private school systems

  • universities, universities of technology and colleges

  • self-employed, with own studio and students or doing freelance work



 


Finishing artist:




  • advertising agencies

  • design consultancies

  • art studios

  • retail stores

  • publishers of newspapers, books and magazines

  • printers

  • packaging companies

  • educational institutions

  • government departments

  • television studios

  • self-employment, as a freelance finished or print finishing artist


Getting Started


  • take art courses or extra art lessons or attend a school for ballet, art and music

  • make an appointment to speak to a good artist about this type of career


Programmes

Accra Polytechnic, College of Cape Town , Durban University of Technology , Inscape Education Group, Kenyatta University, Kumasi Polytechnic, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science & Technology, Kyambogo University, Limkokwing University of Creative Technology, Makerere University, Motheo TVET College, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, Pearson Institute of Higher Education, Red and Yellow School of Logic and Magic, Rhodes University, Rongo University College, Ruth Prowse School of Art, Technical University of Kenya, Tshwane North TVET College, Tshwane University of Technology, University of Fort Hare, University of Johannesburg, University of KwaZulu-Natal, University of Malawi (Chancellor College), University of Nairobi, University of Namibia, University of Pretoria, University of Rwanda, University of Stellenbosch, University of the Free State, University of the Witwatersrand, Vaal University of Technology, Walter Sisulu University, Zambian Open University


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