Aquaculturists specialise in large-scale aquaculture and fishery products as cash crops. Aquaculturists catch and harvest, raise and culture, fish and shellfish such as shrimps, clams, lobsters or oysters under controlled conditions for release into fresh or saltwater.
Many aquaculturists are involved in commercial fish farms and specialise in either freshwater or marine animals. They stock ponds, feed fish, monitor water quality, check for diseases, harvest fish and maintain equipment.
Aquaculture has been identified as a critical industry, due to the popularity of its produce and the declining yields world-wide. In South Africa, Aquaculture has been identified as part of the key industries for promotion in line with the country’s Industrial Policy Action Plan II (IPAP II). The Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries is also lending its support to the sector and encouraging collaboration with stakeholders across the sector.
Schooling & School Subjects
There are no specific schooling or training requirements for this career. However, further study in Aquaculture will require a National Senior Certificate (matric) with a Bacehlor's pass or Diploma pass depending on the requirement.
Compulsory Subjects: Depending on the level of study
Recommended Subjects: Mathematics, Physical Sciences, Life Sciences
Degree: BSc Aquaculture courses, Aquaculture Distance Education Programme.
Once in possession of a degree, it is usual to work as a trainee or technician to gain practical experience. It can then be possible to progress to positions such as manager in small fisheries or hatcheries, assistant manager in larger ones, or staff biologist.
Postgraduate: Aquaculture research.A master’s degree is usually needed for managerial positions at larger facilities, senior scientist positions at large fisheries, or on research projects. With experience, aquaculture workers can qualify for positions as consultants in private firms or as senior scientists. Aquaculturists with PhDs can also lead research projects.
Aquaculture Association of Southern Africa
P O Box 71894
Tel: (012) 803-5208
South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity (SAIAB)
Tel: (046) 603-5800
Sea Fisheries Research Institute
Martin Hammerschlag Way
Tel: (021) 402-3173
Department of Science and Technology (DST)
Department of Trade and industry
Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry