Agricultural Scientist

Agricultural scientists or agriculturists study farming and endeavour to increase productivity. They look for ways to improve quality, but in a less labour-intensive way. They also try to conserve soil and water and make farming more safe and effective. 

Agricultural science is similar to biological science in that it makes use of Mathematics, Chemistry, Physics and Biology to solve agricultural problems. To obtain knowledge about biotechnology, agricultural food scientists often work closely with biological scientists. They communicate new ideas to farmers and technicians.

Agricultural scientists can specialise in various fields such as agronomy, biochemistry, zoology, physics, genetics, soil science, entomology, agricultural extension, agricultural meteorology, botany, dairy science, animal science, agricultural economy, agricultural engineering, pasture science, oenology and wildlife management.

The agricultural scientist concerned with crop science investigates field crop problems and develops new and improved growing methods to obtain higher yields or better quality. They may specialise in a specific crop, group of crops, production, weed and pest control or irrigation.

The agricultural scientist concerned with animal science conducts research on animals, and develops scientific methods of breeding, caring for, and managing farm animals. They specialise in certain types of animals, their breeding, physiology, or nutrition or the products of animals such as meat, butter or eggs.

Agricultural scientists work in a variety of environments, again depending on the specialisation; for example: office environments, in laboratories, test kitchens or dairies and outdoors, particularly when doing research. They use scientific equipment.

An agricultural technician processes the information from the agricultural scientist so farmers can use it. They advise farmers on farming methods. Sometimes they are involved in agricultural research. Farmers use existing knowledge to produce food and fibres without harming the environment. Training, counselling and research are important tasks of an agriculturist.


  • universities and colleges

  • government and private research institutes

  • animal food producers

  • Department of Agriculture

  • commercial organisations such as manufacturers of agricultural remedies

  • industrial companies

  • colleges and universities

  • organisations such as the CSIR and National Parks Board and SABS

  • control boards and agricultural unions

  • co-operatives

  • large farming undertakings

  • self-employment - as consultants, advisors and farmers

Getting Started

- try to obtain vacation work in an animal food manufacturing company
- develop scientific and business skills
- make an appointment to speak to an agricultural scientist on the job


Africa University, Alliance International University, Anglican University College of Technology, Bindura University of Science Education, Botswana College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Busitema University, Chinhoyi University of Technology, Chuka University, College of Intergrated Healthcare, Egerton University, Ghana Christian University College, Great Zimbabwe University, Human Technical and Business College Lira, Integrated Polytechnic Regional Centre (South), Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (Tanzania), Karatina University, Kenya Methodist University, Kenyatta University, Kisii University, Kumasi Polytechnic, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science & Technology, Kyambogo University, Laikipia University, Maasai Mara University, Makerere University, Maseno University, Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology, Meru University of Science and Technology, Methodist University College Ghana, Moi University, Mulungushi University, Namibia University of Science and Technology, National University of Lesotho, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, Nkumba University, North-West University, Nsaka University, Presbyterian University College, Pwani University College, Rongo University College, Rusangu University, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Solusi University, Tom Mboya University College, University for Development Studies, University of Cape Coast, University of Eastern Africa Baraton, University of Eldoret, University of Energy and Natural Resources, University of Ghana, University of Kabianga, University of Kisubi, University of KwaZulu-Natal, University of Mauritius, University of Mpumalanga, University of Nairobi, University of Namibia, University of Pretoria, University of Rwanda, University of Stellenbosch, University of Swaziland, University of Technology and Arts of Byumba, University of the Free State, University of Zambia, Zimbabwe Open University


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